Global Burden Disease – Human Immunodeficiency Virus – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV-AIDS)

Nurma Yuliyanasari (1)
(1) Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya – Indonesia, Indonesia

Abstract

The Global Burden Disease /GBD menjadi suatu standar dari WHO sejak tahun 1990 untuk melaporkan informasi kesehatan global yang terkait dengan penyakit-penyakit lingkungan termasuk yang disebabkan oleh gangguan nutrisi dan komunikasi. Salah satu penyakit yang prevalensiya terus meningkat dan perlu mendapatkan perhatin serius dalam GBD adalah Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Tujuan penulisan artikel ini adalah untuk memperluas wawasan tentang apa itu HIV-AIDS, penyebabnya, faktor resiko, epidemiologi dan prevalensinya, bagaimana mekanisme penurunan imunitas pada infeksi HIV, manifestasi klinis yang mungkin ditimbulkan, apa saja infeksi oportunistik penyebab kematian terbesar pada pasien yang terinfeksi virus HIV, dan jenis-jenis pemeriksaan untuk  mendeteksi HIV dan infeksi oportunistik. (QM 2017;01:65-77)

Full text article

Generated from XML file

References

Astoro, N., Djauzi, S., Djoerban, Z., Prodjosudjadi, W. (2003) Kualitas hidup penderita HIV dan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi. Balai Penerbit FKUI, Jakarta.

Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009) Epidemiology of HIV InfectionThrough. Available from: http://www/cdc.gov/hiv/topics/surveillance/resources/slides/general/general.pdf. [Accessed 20 Jan 2016]

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Institutes of Health, and the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. (2015) Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents. http://aidsinfo.nih.gov/contentfiles/lvguidelines/adult_oi.pdf, pp: 1-416. [Accessed 20 January 2016]

Department of Health and Human Services. (2011) Guidelines for The Use of Antiretroviral Agents in HIV-1-Infected Adults and Adolescents. pp.1-174. Available from: http://aidsinfo.nih.gov/contentfiles/AdultandAdolescentGL.pdf. [Accessed 20 January 2016]

Ditjen PP dan PL Kemenkes RI. (2012) Statistik kasus HIV/ AIDS di Indonesia. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI.

Duggal, S., Chugh, TD., Duggal, AK. (2011) HIV and Malnutrition: Effect on Immue System. J Clin Develop Immun. 20(12), pp: 1-9

Ealles, NR., Evans, D., Terlonge, D. (2006) HIV Cyrriculum for the Health Professional: Patho-physiology of The Human Immunofeficiency Virus. Bylor College of Medicine; Texas, pp: 7-14

Fauci, AS., Chiffordlane, H. (2008). ‘Human immunodeficiency virus disease, AIDS and related disorders’. In : Lango D.L., Kasper D.L.,

Jameson J.L., Fauci A.S.,Hauser S.L., Loscalzo J., editors, Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine, 17th ed, Vol. I, New York : McGraw Hill; pp.1137-1203.

Ghate, M., Deshpande, S., Tripathy, S., Nene, M., Gedam, P., Godbole, S. et al. (2009) Incidence of Common Opportunistic infections in HIV-infected individuals in Pune, India: analysis by stages of immunosuppression represented by CD4 counts. Int J Infectious Disease. 3, pp.1-8.

Hoffmann, CJ., Brown, TT. (2007) ThyroiFunction Abnormalities in HIV-Infected Patients. Clin Infect Dis. 45(4), pp.488-494.

Hull, MW., Rollet, K., Odueyungbo, A., Saeed, S., Potter, M., Cox, J. et al. (2012) Actors Associated With Discordance Between Absolute CD4 Cell Count and CD4 Cell Percentage in Patients Coinfected With HIV and Hepatitis C Virus. J Clin Infectious Dis. 54(12), pp.1798-1805.

Janeway, CA., Travers, P., Walport, M. (2001) Immunobiology; The Immune System in Health and Disease 5 th edition. Garland Science; New York, pp.1-13

Kummar, V., Abbas, AK., Aster JC (2015) Robbins and Cotran; Pathologic Basic of Disease Ninth edition Philadelphia : Saunders Elsevier.

Maartens, G., Celum, C., dan Lewin, SR. (2014). HIV infection: epidemiology, pathogenesis, treatment, dan prevention. Lancer. 384, pp.258-327.

Nasronudin (2012) HIV/AIDS Pendekatan Biologi Molekuler, Klinis, dan Sosial. Surabaya : .Airlangga University Press.

Onyancha, B. (2005) An informetric investigation of the relatedness of opportunistic infections to HIV/AIDS. Information Processing and Managementâ€. 41(1), pp.1573-1588.

Rahler, JF. et al. (2009) European evidence-based Consensus on The Prevention, Diagnosis, and Management of Opportunistic Infections in Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Journal of Crohn’s and Colitis. 10.

Putri, JA., Darwn, E., dan Efrida. (2012) Pola Infeksi Oportunistik yang Menyebabkan Kematian pada Penyandang AIDS di RS Dr. M. Djamil Padang Tahun 2010-2012, Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas. 4(1), pp.10-16.

Sudoyo, AW., Setiyohadi, B., Alwi, I., Simadibrata, M., Setiati, S. (2009). Buku ajar ilmu penyakit dalam. Edisi ke-5. Jakarta : Interna Publishing.

Sterling, TR., Chaisson, RE. (2010) ‘General Clinical Manifestation of HIV Infections (including retroviral syndrome and oral, cutaneous, renal, ocular, metabolic and cardiac disease)’, In : Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R. Principles and practice of infectious diseases. 7th ed, United States: Churchill Livingston . pp.1705-1726.

United States Preventive Services Task Force. (2011) Screening for HIV. Available at: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/uspshivi.htm. [Accessed 20 January 2016]

Authors

Nurma Yuliyanasari
nurmayuliyanasari@gmail.com (Primary Contact)
Yuliyanasari, N. (2017). Global Burden Disease – Human Immunodeficiency Virus – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV-AIDS). Qanun Medika - Medical Journal Faculty of Medicine Muhammadiyah Surabaya, 1(01). Retrieved from https://journal.um-surabaya.ac.id/qanunmedika/article/view/385

Article Details

Characteristics of Pulmonary Tuberculosis patients with HIV in Regional General Hospital Dr Harjono Ponorogo period January 2018 – December 2022

Anindya Zalfaa Kusuma Dewi, Ronald Pratama A., Dody Taruna, Irmawati M. Dikman, Soedarsono...
Abstract View : 69
Download :16