GENDER PROBLEM IN FAMILY BUSINESS

Sentot Imam Wahjono

Sari

The role of family business the economy are enormous, both in term of contribution in GNP and employment. Many world class companies such as motorla, Nordstrom, Bakrie, Gudang Garam maintain as a family business even though they have been going public in the capital markets.

 Perception of the global community is more like  men as a manager and controller of the business than women. Male primogenitur is the adagium to describe how men are very dominant in the business world. In the USA and South Korea man is the successor of the family business. Japan rejected the role of women in the family business so that all inheritance fell on one of the sons. In China, the company inherited fell on the whole boys shared equality. In Turkey, female successor only 4.2%.

 Nevertheles, quite a lot of women who own the company. In USA there are 8 million women-owned family business, in Japan 23%, Australia 33%, Canada 31%, Mexico 16%, and Netherlands 15%.

 The imbalance in gender equity and equality in the family business was global perceived. In Indonesia takes efforts to open wider access for Indonesian women in the domain corporate management, expand the participation of women, increase the role of controlling, adding to the usefulness in the management of family business that have sustainable resilience in the face of global competition.

 

Key-words: family business, gender, male primogeniture.

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi

----------, Badan Pusat Statistik. 2007. National Economic Census (Susenas) in 2006. Jakarta: BPS. Electronic resources download: Sunday, January 11st, 2009. At www.depkop.go.id

----------, Jawa Pos, 4 Oktober 2010.

----------, Jawa Pos, 6 Oktober 2010.

----------, Jawa Pos, 14 Januari 2011.

----------, Kompas, 28 Juli 2008.

----------, Swa sembada, No. 05/XXIV/6-18 Maret 2008. Apa Siapa Pengendali Bisnis Masa Depan

Bachkaniwala, D., Wright, M. And Ram, M. 2001. Succession in South Asia Family Businesses in the UK. International Small Business Journal 19(4):15-27.

Basri, M. Chatib and Pierre van der Eng. 2004. Business in Indonesia: New Challenges, Old Problems. Singapore: ISEAS.

Cromie, S., and Hayes, J. 1988. Towards a typology of female entrepreneurs. Sociological Review, 36: 87-113.

Glassop, Linda and Dianne Waddel. 2005. Managing the Family Business. Heidelberg: Heidelberg Press.

Kaslow, Florence Whiteman. 2006. Handbook of Family Business and Family Business Consultation: a Global Perspective. Birmingham: International Business Press.

Kementerian Pemberdayaan Perempuan. 2005. Bahan Pembelajaran Pengarusutamaan Gender. Kerjasama Kementerian Pemberdayaan Perempuan RI, BKKBN, dan UNFPA.

Kuratko, D.F., Hornsby, J.S. and Montagno, R.V. 1993. Family Business Succession in Korean and US Firms. Journal of Small Business Management 31(2):132-136.

Miller, Danny and Isabelle Le Breton-Miller. 2005. Managing for the long run: lessons in competitive advantage from great family businesses. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

Prasso, S. 1996. Poll: Women in office, not offices. The Commercial Appeal (Memphis), 3/27/96: 7B.

Sharma, Pramodita, Chrisman, J. J., and Chua, J. H. 1997.

Strategic Management of The Family Business: Past Research and Future Chalenge. Family Business Review. Vol. 10 No. 1 pp. 1-35

Sharma, Pramodita, & Brian Smith. 2008. Ed’s Dilemma: Succession Planning at Niagara Paving. Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice. July: 763-774.

Soedibyo, Moorjati. 2007. Kajian terhadap Suksesi Kepemimpinan Puncak (CEO) Perusahaan Keluarga Indonesia - menurut Perspektif Penerus. Disertasi. Program Pasca Sarjana, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta.

Tatoglu, Ekrem, Veysel Kula dan Keith W. Glaister. 2008. Succession Planning in Family-owned Business, International Small Business Journal, London: Sage Publications, Inc.

Wild, John J., Wild, Kenneth L., and Han, Jerry C.Y. 2010, International Business 5th Edition, Prentice Hall, New York.

Wong, Siu-lun. 1993. The Chinese Family Firm: A Model. Family Business Review. Vol. 6 Issue 3 pp. 327-340


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30651/blc.v8i01.678

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.