Hubungan Kecerdasan Emosi Antara Ibu dengan Anak Usia Dini di Masa Pandemik Covid-19

Yuni Kurniawaty


Objective: to identify  the relationship of emotional intelligence between mothers and early childhood during the covid-19 pandemic

Methods: This article of research was correlation with cross sectional design. The research was carried out in the Catholic Santa Katarina Kindergarten, Jalan Mojopahit No. 38 Surabaya. The study population of parents of guardians of students of TK B Katarina used total sampling. Research sample of 30 respondents. The independent variable of maternal emotional intelligence used the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Short Form (TEIQue-SF) questionnaire. The dependent variable of children's emotional intelligence using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire - Parent Reports (SDQ-PR) questionnaire.

Results:  The results show that most of the emotional intelligence of mothers was low as much as 86% of respondents. Emotional intelligence of children more than 50% was classified as abnormal or abnormal 56.7% of respondents. Spearman Rank Test p = 0.094 means p > α means that there is no emotional intelligence relationship between mothers and early childhood during the covid-19 pandemic.

Conclusion:  There is no emotional intelligence relationship between mothers and early childhood during the covid-19 pandemic. It was recommended in further research to examine other factors that were more dominant that have an association with emotional intelligence of early childhood.


Kata Kunci

Emotional intelligence, mother, early ege children

Teks Lengkap:



Aybek, E. C., Çavdar, D., & Özabacı, T. M. N. (2015). University Students’ Moral Judgment and Emotional Intelligence Level: A Model Testing. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 191, 2740–2746.

Bago, J. L., Ouédraogo, M., Akakpo, K., Lompo, M. L., Souratié, W. dite M., & Ouédraogo, E. (2020). Early Childhood Education and Child Development: New Evidence from Ghana. Children and Youth Services Review, 108(November 2019).

Balluerka, N., Gorostiaga, A., Alonso-Arbiol, I., & Aritzeta, A. (2016). Peer attachment and class emotional intelligence as predictors of adolescents’ psychological well-being: A multilevel approach. Journal of Adolescence, 53, 1–9.

Birol, C., Atamtürk, H., Silman, F., & Şensoy, Ş. (2009). Analysis of the emotional intelligenge level of teachers. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 1(1), 2606–2614.

Cazan, A.-M., & Năstasă, L. E. (2015). Emotional intelligence, satisfaction with life and burnout among university students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 180, 1574 – 1578.

Cho, K. S., & Lee, J. M. (2017). Influence of smartphone addiction proneness of young children on problematic behaviors and emotional intelligence: Mediating self-assessment effects of parents using smartphones. Computers in Human Behavior, 66, 303–311.

Costa, S., Barberis, N., Gugliandolo, M. C., Larcan, R., & Cuzzocrea, F. (2018). The intergenerational transmission of trait emotional intelligence: The mediating role of parental autonomy support and psychological control. Journal of Adolescence, 68(July), 105–116.

Dang, H. M., Nguyen, H., & Weiss, B. (2017). Incremental validity of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in Vietnam. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 29, 96–100.

Gallitto, E., & Leth-Steensen, C. (2019). Moderating effect of trait emotional intelligence on the relationship between parental nurturance and prosocial behaviour. Journal of Adolescence, 74(October 2018), 113–119.

Grindal, T., Bowne, J. B., Yoshikawa, H., Schindler, H. S., Duncan, G. J., Magnuson, K., & Shonkoff, J. P. (2016). The added impact of parenting education in early childhood education programs: A meta-analysis. Children and Youth Services Review, 70, 238–249.

Hamarta, E., Deniz, M. E., & Saltali, N. (2009). Attachment styles as a predictor of emotional intelligence. Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri, 9(1), 213–229.

Hasnah, H., Hendra, D. A., & Hapsah, H. (2018). Correlation Between Emotional Intelligence and Problem Solving Skill of Health Students of Faculty of Medicine Universitas Hasanuddin. Indonesian Contemporary Nursing Journal (ICON Journal), 3(1), 22.

Hogeveen, J., Salvi, C., & Grafman, J. (2016). “Emotional Intelligence”: Lessons from Lesions. Trends in Neurosciences, 39(10), 694–705.

Khajehpour, M. (2011). Relationship between emotional intelligence, parental involvement and academic performance of high school students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15, 1081–1086.

Latham, R. M., & von Stumm, S. (2017). Mothers want extraversion over conscientiousness or intelligence for their children. Personality and Individual Differences, 119, 262–265.

Lekaviciene, R., & Antiniene, D. (2016). High Emotional Intelligence: Family Psychosocial Factors. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 217, 609–617.

Li, D., Liu, T., Zhang, X., Wang, M., Wang, D., & Shi, J. (2017). Fluid intelligence , emotional intelligence , and the Iowa Gambling Task in children. Intelligence, (April), 0–1.

Lipscomb, S. T., Goka-Dubose, E., Hur, R. E. H., & Henry, A. (2019). Adverse childhood experiences, and instability in Children’s care and Parents’ work. Children and Youth Services Review, 102(May), 243–250.

Mertala, P. (2019). Teachers’ beliefs about technology integration in early childhood education: A meta-ethnographical synthesis of qualitative research. Computers in Human Behavior, 101(March), 334–349.

Nakajima, N., Hasan, A., Jung, H., Brinkman, S., Pradhan, M., & Kinnell, A. (2019). Investing in school readiness: A comparison of different early childhood education pathways in rural Indonesia. International Journal of Educational Development, 69(May), 22–38.

O’Connor, A., Blewitt, C., Nolan, A., & Skouteris, H. (2018). Using Intervention Mapping for child development and wellbeing programs in early childhood education and care settings. Evaluation and Program Planning, 68, 57–63.

Oktaviana, M., & Wimbarti, S. (2014). Validasi Klinik Strenghts and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) sebagai Instrumen Skrining Gangguan Tingkah Laku. Jurnal Psikologi, 41(1), 101.

Pekaar, K. A., van der Linden, D., Bakker, A. B., & Born, M. P. (2020). Dynamic self- and other-focused emotional intelligence: A theoretical framework and research agenda. Journal of Research in Personality, 86, 103958.

Perry, M. A., Creavey, K., Arthur, E., Chance Humer, J., Lundgren, P. J., & Rivera, I. (2020). Cultivating emotional intelligence in child welfare professionals: A systematic scoping review. Child Abuse and Neglect, (February), 104438.

Ponguta, L. A., Issa, G., Aoudeh, L., Maalouf, C., Hein, S. D., Zonderman, A. L., … Leckman, J. F. (2020). Effects of the Mother−Child Education Program on Parenting Stress and Disciplinary Practices Among Refugee and Other Marginalized Communities in Lebanon: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, (April), 1–12.

Salavera, C., Usán, P., & Teruel, P. (2019). Contextual problems, emotional intelligence and social skills in Secondary Education students. Gender differences. Annales Medico-Psychologiques, 177(3), 223–230.

Smith, R., Killgore, W. D. S., Alkozei, A., & Lane, R. D. (2018). A neuro-cognitive process model of emotional intelligence. Biological Psychology, 139, 131–151.

Stamatopoulou, M., Galanis, P., & Prezerakos, P. (2016). Psychometric properties of the Greek translation of the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Short Form (TEIQue-SF). Personality and Individual Differences, 95, 80–84.

Tempesta, D., Socci, V., De Gennaro, L., & Ferrara, M. (2018). Sleep and emotional processing. Sleep Medicine

Reviews, 40, 183–195.

Turculeţ, A., & Tulbure, C. (2014). The Relation Between the Emotional Intelligence of Parents and Children. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 142, 592–596.

Wang, W., Wu, R., Tang, H., Wang, Y., Liu, K., Liu, C., … Pu, W. (2019). Childhood trauma as a mediator between emotional intelligence and recidivism in male offenders. Child Abuse and Neglect, 93(May), 162–169.

Wolf, S. (2020). “Me I don’t really discuss anything with them”: Parent and teacher perceptions of early childhood education and parent-teacher relationships in Ghana. International Journal of Educational Research, 99(September 2019), 101525.

Yizengaw, J. Y., & Tessega, M. (2020). The implementation of early childhood care and education (ECCE) in Bahir Dar city administration: A comparative study between private and public pre-primary schools. Social Sciences & Humanities Open, 2(1), 100013.



  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.